Dental Implants are artificial tooth roots used to support restoration for a missing tooth or teeth, helping to prevent jaw bone loss. The implantation procedure comes under prosthetic dentistry but is also considered a form of cosmetic dentistry. People who have suffered from the loss of a tooth or teeth might feel conscious to smile or talk and they might even face difficulties while biting and chewing which in the future can lead to negative effects on eating habits, and secondary health problems like malnutrition. By replacing missing teeth, dental implant procedures provide people with the strength and stability required to eat food without struggling to chew. In addition to this, they help to maintain the jaw bone by preventing bone loss and supporting the facial features.
Causes of tooth loss –
- Tooth Decay
- Root Canal failure
- Gum disease
- Trauma to the mouth due to injury
- Excessive wear and tear
- Congenital defects
Before treatment procedure – Any underlying oral health issue needs to be managed first before going in for the implantation procedure. Common issues such as tooth decay and gum disease can make the treatment less effective. If you are a smoker, your dentist will ask you to quit as smokers are at a greater risk of treatment failure. Once your dentist feels that all oral issues are in check, your implantation procedure can begin.
The Dental Implant Procedure – The process of tooth implant is typically performed in one sitting but requires a period of osseointegration. Osseointegration is the process by which the implant anchors to the jaw bone. This procedure takes anywhere from six weeks to six months to anchor and heal, during this time your dentist can complete the procedure by placing a crown, bridge or hybrid denture restoration. If Osseointegration does not take place, the implant will fail.
Dental implantation can be done anytime after adolescence or when bone growth is complete. Certain medical conditions such as active diabetes, cancer or periodontal disease may require some additional treatment before the procedure is performed.
Recovery, follow-up and after care – Dental implant recovery depends on a number of factors like maintaining digital oral hygiene habits which help ensure proper integration with bone structure. Failure to floss and brush can contribute to failure of the treatment. Infection can occur if the implant and its surrounding areas are not cleaned properly. Smoking should also be avoided by the person getting the implant done as it attributes to high failure rates. After the implant procedure, discomfort to the patient should be minimal. Swelling of gums and on the face may occur along with minor bleeding and bruising of the implant area. Prescription pain medications can be prescribed to relieve any pain or discomfort. A restricted diet needs to be followed till about 5 – 7 days after the procedure is performed. Self dissolving stitches are normally used for implant surgeries which do not need to be removed but if normal stitches are used, then your dentist will need to remove those. Healing from the surgical procedure might take upto 6 months, while the fitting of the crown can take around 2 months. This time frame depends upon individual cases and the treatment performed on them.
Dental implants can help restore confidence in your smile and keep your mouth healthy. Contact Prodental Clinic today if you have any queries related to the same, as our friendly and experienced team will be happy to answer all your questions.