Tooth decay is the most common chronic disease in children, and it is also on the rise in adults. A dental cavity is a small hole in the tooth that can be caused by plaque bacteria.
What is Plaque?
Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. When plaque is not removed, it turns into tartar (calculus), which is hard and difficult to remove. Plaque that is not removed can eventually destroy the tooth by eating through the enamel and causing decay. The best way to prevent cavities is to remove plaque before it turns into calculus.
There are several ways to do this, including brushing, flossing, and using an antimicrobial mouthwash. Brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste can help remove plaque and reduce the risk of cavities. Flossing once a day helps remove plaque from areas where the toothbrush can’t reach. And using an antimicrobial mouthwash can also help reduce plaqueand prevent cavities.
Who is at a high risk of developing tooth decay?
● People with a diet high in sugar and carbonated drinks.
● People who have poor oral hygiene levels, or a poor technique when it comes to brushing and flossing.
● People who suffer from Xerostomia (dry mouth).
● People who have lots of teeth with exposed roots.
Here are some measures to help to prevent tooth decay:
● Eat a healthy, balanced diet.
● Try to limit your consumption of sugary foods and drinks to mealtimes only rather than multiple sweet snacks throughout the day. Rinse your mouth out with water after you have consumed anything containing sugar.
● Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes at a time using a soft bristled manual or electric toothbrush with fluoride toothpaste.
● Clean in between your teeth at least once per day with floss or interproximal brushes.
Tooth decay is a serious problem that can lead to loss of teeth, pain, and infection. However, there are several measures that can be taken to prevent tooth decay.
First and foremost, it is important to brush and floss regularly. This removes plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth, and helps to prevent the build-up of tartar, a hard substance that can only be removed by a dentist
In addition, it is important to eat a healthy diet and avoid sugary drinks. Sugar promotes the growth of bacteria in the mouth and increases the risk of tooth decay.
Finally, it is important to visit the dentist near you regularly for professional cleanings and checkups. By taking these steps, you can help to prevent tooth decay and keep your smile healthy and bright.